Les collections océaniennes des musées du Nord - Pas-de-Calais : étude comparée de la mise en place des collections ethnographiques régionales à partir de celle du Musée de Boulogne-sur-Mer

Abstract : The history of the collections has been a main focus in the Museum Studies since the late 20th century. However, despite having been inventoried in the 1980s, the past of pacific collections is still mainly undiscovered, the process of their incorporation into the museum unkown. It is mostly due to the eventful history of inventories and collection managments. Museum curators often encounter objects unumbered, labels unconnected to any artifact, several numbers for the same object... But is displaying an object detached from any historical background a viable option ? Or should we always consider its history and the way it became a museum piece ? Our goal is to relate the pacific collections past, looking through the archives, unraveling the steps these artifacts took from the Pacific to Northern France. The diversity and profusion of pacific material in the North and Pas-de-Calais departments account for our regional focus. Our main point of interest is the collectors and donators, men and women who took part to the history of the artifacts, in the contexte of the notable socialibity. We highlight the way these objects came to enter the inventory of the museum, the way they were perceived by the administrations and the public, but also the way they were displayed. The two main institutions in our study are the Museums of Boulogne-sur-Mer and Douai. Both are rich in archives material and the tragic destiny of the second warrant this pre- eminence. The Hôtel Sandelin of Saint-Omer, Dunkerque Fine Arts and Lille Natural History Museums are the three other study cases presented in our thesis. Our time frame is mainly set on the 19th century, with a starting point at the creation of the first institution, the Boulogne- sur-Mer Museum.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 6, 2019 - 11:17:12 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 7, 2019 - 1:43:45 AM

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Marie Hoffmann. Les collections océaniennes des musées du Nord - Pas-de-Calais : étude comparée de la mise en place des collections ethnographiques régionales à partir de celle du Musée de Boulogne-sur-Mer. Héritage culturel et muséologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIL3H010⟩. ⟨tel-02396805⟩

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