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Vers la sobriété électrique : Politiques de maîtrise des consommations et pratiques domestiques

Abstract : In this research work, heterogeneous approaches are combined to tackle the issue of the recent renewal of “saving energy policies: the focus is on household uses in matter of electricity. Through an analysis of the historical background in which the stake of Electricity Demand-side Management has been involved in France, it is shown that environmental issues as well as market logics contributed to the transformation of this public policy. Then, the study makes out that, out of the centralised framework of energy policies, local scale pilot programs were implemented and allowed the constitution of partnership networks concerned by the security of power transmission network among related geographical areas. It appears that both heterogeneity in the logics of action and partitioning in decision making processes compel the structuring of Electricity Resource Planning. Based on an empirical fieldwork on behalf of electricity household users, the study also points out the reluctances of households to arbitrate between their customs and the several soft injunctions they are being addressed in order to change their practices in matter of electricity consumption. In the end, the limits of the means of regulation of domestic uses are put forward by underlining the lack of general meaning conferred to electricity, though it should be considered as a crucial social resource.
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Eric Pautard. Vers la sobriété électrique : Politiques de maîtrise des consommations et pratiques domestiques. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Toulouse 2 Le Mirail, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-02396074⟩

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