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Methane reforming by carbon dioxide over metal supported on nanocrystalline mixed oxides : mechanism and transient kinetics for relating catalysts structure and performance

Abstract : Oxygen bonding strength, mobility and reactivity in nanocrystalline Ln-doped ceria-zirconia (Ln=La, Gd, Pr, Sm) with supported Pt, Ni, Ru were studied by state-of-the-art techniques such as isotopic exchange in static and flow reactors with 18O2 and C18O2, O2 TPD, H2 and CH4 TPR, pulse microcalorimetry and TAP reactor. Bulk oxygen mobility is found controlled by a rearrangement of Ce and Zr cations coordination sphere with doping as well as by fast oxygen migration along Pr3+/Pr4+ cationic chains. Surface and near-surface oxygen mobility appears controlled by a strong metal-support interaction with incorporation of metallic ions into surface layers and domain boundaries. In realistic feeds, the catalytic activity in dry reforming of methane correlates with oxygen mobility, required to prevent coking and metal sintering.Transient kinetic studies (non steady-state and SSITKA) allowed us to propose a bi-functional reaction mechanism corresponding to independent redox steps of CH4 and CO2 activation. The rate- limiting step is shown to be the irreversible activation of CH4 on metal sites, while CO2 dissociation on reduced sites of oxide supports proceeds much faster (being reversible for the steady-state surface) followed by a fast oxygen transfer along the surface/domain boundaries to metal sites where CH4 molecules are transformed to CO and H2. The CH4 selective conversion into syngas would involve strongly bound bridging oxygen species with heat of desorption ::600-650 kJ/mol O2. For optimized formulations, Ni+Ru clusters could be involved in CO2 activation via facilitating C-O bond breaking in the transition state, thus increasing the rate constant of the surface reoxidation by CO2, while strongly bound carbonates behave as spectators. For Pt/PrCeZrO, an additional fast route to syngas would occur on Pt ions with participation of weakly bound carbonates stabilized by neighboring Pr4+ ions. Such specificity makes this system highly promising for methane oxi-dry reforming, especially on structured corundum supports for short contact time compact reactors, well adapted to stranded and limited gas resources
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Alexey Bobin. Methane reforming by carbon dioxide over metal supported on nanocrystalline mixed oxides : mechanism and transient kinetics for relating catalysts structure and performance. Catalysis. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I; Novossibirsk State University (Novossibirsk, Russie), 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10164⟩. ⟨tel-02395319⟩

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