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Une crise du moderne : science et poésie dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle

Abstract : The links between scientific knowledge and poetry during the second half of the 19th century are complex. Whereas literary history has downplayed its importance for a long time, the dialogue between those two entities wavers between scientific and poetic modernities. And yet, the multiple and contradictory forms of that dialogue, both conflictual and fraternal, turn out to be symptomatic of an era in crisis, where poetry as well as scientism seemed to be running out of steam. Stylistic analysis – systematically informed by the historical context – and epistemocritic allow to tell the parallel story of an hidden modernity: while the modern poem claims increasing autonomy, while science tends to specialize so much that it is no longer communicable, the dialogue between science and poetry, far from disappearing, becomes more complex. The poet is no longer satisfied with thematically exhibiting elements of knowledge, according to previous models of Lucretius and Jacques Delille. The influence of science becomes deeper and more structural: the poem borrows its scientific language to express the anxieties of the lyrical subject, poetics enters the laboratory of experimentation. As a result, the impact of science on poetical work, albeit underground, plays a determinant role in the innovative reformulations of the poetry of the second half of the 19th century. Two modernities then observe each other, sometimes turn away from each other, sometimes intersect. The story of this difficult cohabitation is what this study has attempted to uncover
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Yohann Ringuedé. Une crise du moderne : science et poésie dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle. Littératures. Université Paris-Est; Universität Basel, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC2203⟩. ⟨tel-02393371⟩

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