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Synthèse d'hétérocycles azotés : tétrahydropyrazines et morpholines

Abstract : Tetrahydropyrazines and morpholines are six-membered heterocycles including two heteroatoms in positions 1 and 4. The objectives of this thesis were to develop new methods for their synthesis. Orthogonnaly protected tetrahydropyrazines were thus synthesized from the corresponding diamines, thank to the use of trimethylsilyl-benziodoxolone (TMS-EBX) as an alkyne donnor. This hypervalent iodine derivative was also found to be an efficient and chemoselective alkynylating agent of sulfonamides versus carbamates. A different synthetic approach was used for the synthesis of morpholines. Relying on previous results obtained in the laboratory, an iron(III)-catalyzed heterocylization was developped. In the presence of a catalytic amount of FeCl3.6H2O, 2,6- and 3,5-disubstituted morpholines were obtained with good yields and diastereoselectivities in favor of the cis compounds. To improve this method and make it more environnementally friendly, a one-pot method was next designed, leading, with a sequential Pd(0)/Fe(III)-catalyzed process, to a diversity of morpholines from readily available vinyloxiranes and amino-alcohols. A simple switch in the starting materials gives diverse morpholines without any change in the reaction conditions. The cis-compound predominance was rationnalized from the putative stabilities of different diastereoisomeres and a hypothetical mechanism is proposed.
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Thomas Aubineau. Synthèse d'hétérocycles azotés : tétrahydropyrazines et morpholines. Chimie organique. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS144⟩. ⟨tel-02393162⟩

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