Numerical simulation of installation operations for offshore wind farms

Abstract : Offshore wind represents the most advanced and used marine energy in the world. To increase the wind power extraction, turbines grow in size and wind farms are installed further offshore in presence of rough seas and strong winds. Marine operations become more challenging and expensive, weather windows are shorter and less frequent. This PhD work focuses on the development of a numerical tool to simulate marine operations with consistency, in particular lowering and lifting operations. The Composite-Rigid-Body Algorithm, implemented in the numerical tool InWave, is used to model multibody systems. A cable model and a winch model are developed following this multibody approach and compared to the classical low-order lumped mass theory. Hydrodynamic loads and hydrodynamic interactions are simulated using an unsteady potential flow theory based on the weakscatterer hypothesis, implemented in the numerical tool WS_CN. This approach is extended to multibody simulations and validated with comparisons to experimental data. InWave and WS_CN are coupled to solve wavestructure interaction for articulated multibody systems with large relative motions in waves. A tight coupling is selected for its robustness. The coupling equation is derived and validated from comparisons with WS_CN. This leads to the creation of a new numerical tool, InWaveS_CN, using Python as glue code language. A new mesh strategy, based on the coupling between a panel cutting method and an advance front method, is developed in WS_CN. Experiments of an upending operation were conducted at Ecole Centrale de Nantes. The comparison between the numerical simulations and the experimental data leads to a first and promising validation of InWaveS_CN.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02390021, version 1

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Pierre-Yves Wuillaume. Numerical simulation of installation operations for offshore wind farms. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. École centrale de Nantes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019ECDN0003⟩. ⟨tel-02390021v1⟩

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