Caractérisation de la microalgue rouge Porphyridium marinum sous différentes conditions de culture et valorisation de ces métabolites

Abstract : The present study investigates the effect of a selected organic carbon source on the growth and production of metabolites of the red microalga Porphyridium marinum. The latter has been unable to multiply in heterotrophy, in total absence of light. However, in mixotrophic condition the productions of biomass, lipids and phycobiliproteins by P. marinum have been improved in comparison with the autotrophic condition. The contents of exopolysaccharide were almost similar under both conditions. In order to valorize these metabolites, the antioxidant, antibacterial, antibiofilm and anticancer effect were tested. The exopolysaccharide of P. marinum as well as its low molecular weight derivatives (EPS-2P and EPS-5P) have all exhibited antibacterial and antibiofilm activities at different concentrations. However, EPS-2P and EPS-5P were found to be more effective for anti-cancer activity against breast cancer cells. On the other hand, the production of the majority pigment of red microalgae, B-phycoerythrin (B-PE), has been optimized by means of adapted experimental plans. A content of 40 mg/g DW was obtained by varying the concentration of NaNO3, K2HPO4 and metal solution as well as the light intensity. After purification, the optimized molecule showed antioxidant activity in terms of free radical scavenging DPPH, chelation and reduction of iron ions and β-carotene bleachinginhibition. Our data suggest that the metabolites produced by the red microalga P. marinum may be potentially used in several applications namely cosmetic and pharmaceutical.
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Nesrine Gargouch. Caractérisation de la microalgue rouge Porphyridium marinum sous différentes conditions de culture et valorisation de ces métabolites. Biochimie [q-bio.BM]. Université Clermont Auvergne; Université de Sfax (Tunisie), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CLFAC095⟩. ⟨tel-02389370⟩

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