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Nanotubes géo-inspirés : structure atomique, transformation en température et dynamiques corrélées nanotube-eau moléculaire

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the investigation of nanotubes geo-inspired from natural imogolite nanotubes present in some soils and on the dynamical properties of water confined in these objects. These objects with nominal stoichiometry Ge(Si)Al₂O₇H₄ and Ge(Si)Al₂O₆CH₆, are aluminosilicate and aluminogermanate nanotubes whose inner wall is covered with either hydrophilic hydroxyl groups or hydrophobic methyl groups. In the first chapter of this manuscript, we present a state of knowledge on these nanotubes and introduce the topic of confined water. The second chapter is dedicated to the analysis of the structure of nanotubes thanks to X-ray powder scattering experiments. We introduce a new methodology, based on the use of helical symmetries and on the minimization of semi-empirical energy, which reduces the determination of a complex tubular structure to the evaluation of some geometric parameters. With this procedure, we solve the structure of both methylated and hydroxylated aluminosilicate and aluminogermanate nanotubes. In particular, a different rolling mode is highlighted for methylated and hydroxylated nanotubes. In the third chapter, we present the experimental study of the thermal transformations of hydroxylated aluminogermanate nanotubes, up to 1000°C. This work is the result of a multi-technical approach combining in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the K thresholds of aluminium and germanium, NMR spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and X-ray scattering. The fourth chapter focuses on the study of water dynamics in hydroxylated and methylated aluminogermanate nanotubes by inelastic neutron scattering. For hydroxylated nanotubes, experiments are analyzed in the light of molecular dynamics simulations. We show that the water layer bound to the inner wall of the nanotubes presents an original structure and that the dynamics of water molecules and of the nanotube are strongly correlated.
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Geoffrey Monet. Nanotubes géo-inspirés : structure atomique, transformation en température et dynamiques corrélées nanotube-eau moléculaire. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS388⟩. ⟨tel-02389285⟩

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