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Développement de filaments composites coaxiaux

Abstract : A coaxial composite fiber has been developed for the intended application in textile based sensors, actuators and eletric signal transmissions in wearable textile products. The work focuses on melt extrusion machine modification, characterization of polymers, characterization of developed filaments and optimization techniques for obtaining required results. Melt extrusion machine has been used having piston based mechanism. The process design and optimization was done using polyester polymer. The machine modification includes design of spinnert, piston end modification and introduction of separate feeding channel for core filament in the oven. A number of 10 spinnerets designs were developed according to industrial die design rules and optimized for their performance. The piston end designs developed were 3 in number. A stainless steel tube has been introduced into the oven for a separate secure passage of core filament. The polymer characterization was done by thermal, rheological and analytical techniques. The obtained results exhibited thermal attibutes of the polymer and showed reduction in degree of crystallanity in composite filament. The optimization of extrusion parameters including piston speed, winding speed ; and modifications in machine which includes design parameters of number of holes, tube position, tube internal diameter and spinneret exit diameter were done. It was observed that design parameters have significant effect on cross-sectional shape, eccentricity of core and morphology of filament. The characterization of composite filament has been carried out by physical, morphological, mechanical, tribology and bending techniques. The composite filaments developed were in range of 350-500 µm diameter. The filaments developed have elliptical, triangular, rectangular and circular shapes. The regular filaments showed higher tenacity and breaking strength than irregular shaped filaments. The frictional coefficient values were found higher for irregular shapes. Bending stiffness results obtained were not reliable for irregular cross-sectional shapes. The optimized parameters wers used to develop composite filament using ferroelectric polymer (PVDF-TrFE) having 70 :30 ratio copolymer. The developed filament was very regular in shape with good eccentricity of core. The developed Cu/PVDF-TrFE core/sheath filament can be used for development of sensors and actuators. The Cu/Polyester core/sheath filament can be used for electrical signal transmission lines in wearable electronic textiles and for development of electromagnetic shielding effectiveness fabrics.
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Muhammad Ali Afzal. Développement de filaments composites coaxiaux. Autre. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse; National Textile University (Pakistan), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MULH0599⟩. ⟨tel-02388508⟩

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