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Palladium-catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylations : control of all-carbon quaternary centers

Abstract : The development of a palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative allylic alkylation protocol (Pd DAAA) applied to cyclic and exocyclic allyl enol carbonates has allowed a highly enantioselective access to a range of γ butyrolactones bearing an all-carbon α quaternary stereogenic center. Remarkably, this approach allowed the extension of this reaction to substrates with no precedent in the literature, such as the exocyclic allyl enol carbonates. The Pd-DAAA process was eventually used for the synthesis of chiral spirolactones, which were readily obtained in high yields and in high optical purity. The synthesis of different isoxazolidin-5-ones bearing highly stereodefined all carbon α quaternary center was accomplished by palladium-catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylation (Pd-AAA) of 4 substituted isoxazolidin-5-ones with an array of 2 substituted allyl acetates. The reaction proceeded in both excellent enantioselectivity and yield with isoxazolidin-5-ones containing an α-aryl substituents or an α heteroaryl moieties. This robust and highly enantioselective method allowed the access to valuable β2,2-amino acids and β lactams.
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Marllon Nascimento De Oliveira. Palladium-catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylations : control of all-carbon quaternary centers. Organic chemistry. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066612⟩. ⟨tel-02388496⟩

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