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Reflexive spaces of smooth functions : a logical account of linear partial differential equations

Abstract : Around the curry-coward correspondence, proof-theory has grown along two distinct fields : the theory of programming languages, for which formulas acts as data types, and the semantic study of proofs. The latter consists in giving mathematical models of proofs and programs. In particular, denotational semantics distinguishes data types which serves as input or output of programs, and allows in return for a finer understanding of proofs and programs. Linear Logic (LL) gives a logical interpretation of the basic notions from/of linear algebra, while Differential Linear Logic allows for a logical understanding of differentiation. This manuscript strengthens the link between proof-theory and functional analysis, and highlights the role of linear involutive negation in DiLL. The first part of this thesis consists in a quick overview of prerequisites on the notions of linearity, polarisation and differentiation in proof-theory, and gives the necessary background in the theory of locally convex topological vector spaces. The second part uses two classic topologies on the dual of a topological vector space and gives two models of DiLL: the weak topology allows only for a discrete interpretation of proofs through formal power series, while the Mackey topology on the dual allows for a smooth and polarised model of DiLL. Finally, the third part interprets proofs of DiLL by distributions. We detail a polarized model of DiLL in which negatives are Fréchet Nuclear spaces, and proofs are distributions with compact support. We also show that solving linear partial differential equations with constant coefficients can be typed by a syntax similar to the one of DiLL, which we detail.
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Marie Kerjean. Reflexive spaces of smooth functions : a logical account of linear partial differential equations. Logic in Computer Science [cs.LO]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC144⟩. ⟨tel-02386294⟩

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