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Applications of nonlinear magneto-photonics at the nanoscale

Abstract : Owing to surface and interface sensitivity, the magnetic Second Harmonic Generation (mSHG) represents a useful tool to probe magnetic interfaces and nanostructures. This work investigates the coupling and interaction of the mSHG with electromagnetic waves propagating along the surface. Two types of surface waves have been studied: (i) surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) at surfaces of metallic thin films and multilayers, and (ii) the diffraction anomaly at the surface of periodically arranged metallic nanostructures. To study influence of linear and nonlinear excitation of surface waves on the mSHG, the reflected second harmonic (SH) intensity and the magnetic SH contrast in the transverse magneto-optical geometry were measured as a function of the angle of incidence. The use of different femtosecond light sources in the near-infrared optical range, where the SPP dispersion and damping exhibit significant variations, made it possible to disentangle linear and nonlinear contributions to the excitation of surface waves. In this thesis, it is proven that phase-matching of the mSHG and surface electromagnetic waves can lead to the enhancement of both the SH yield and the nonlinear magneto-optical signal. These results are important for controlling of the nonlinear magneto-optical response and could impact the development of magnetic storage devices, label-free biosensors and nonlinear magneto-optical switches.
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Ngoc Minh Tran. Applications of nonlinear magneto-photonics at the nanoscale. Optics / Photonic. Université du Maine, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LEMA1029⟩. ⟨tel-02385081⟩

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