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Propriétés optiques et magnétiques de cristaux dopés par des terres rares paramagnétiques pour les technologies quantiques

Abstract : Significant progresses have been made recently on radar communications. However it is still difficult to analyse radar communications both efficiently and on a large frequency span. This is due to the fact that pure electronic processors are not able to process rapidly signals with high bandwidths. A very promising solution consists in transposing radar signals on a optical carrier (laser) and process the signals via rare-earths-doped single-crystals, which are able to interact efficiently with light. Rare-earth-ion doped crystals can have very narrow optical transitions at liquid helium temperature, making them attractive for applications in quantum information processing and advanced RF signal processing. One key property of these materials is the potential for a high ratio between the optical inhomogeneous and homogeneous linewidths. This allows signals with high bandwidth to be stored in quantum memories for a long time, or alternatively, the high resolution spectral analysis of RF signals. Er3+ is particularly interesting because it has a transition at 1.5 mm that is directly compatible with telecommunication components in existing optical fiber networks. The aim of the project is to enhance the bandwidths of those atomic processors by introducing a chemical disorder in the single crystals doped with Er3+. This will lead to an inhomogeneous broadening of the optical transitions and could also reduce the optical homogeneous linewidths, and so, increase the processing bandwidth for radar signals. For that, a better understanding of the nature of the dynamical processes acting on the optical homogeneous linewidth is needed.
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Sacha Welinski. Propriétés optiques et magnétiques de cristaux dopés par des terres rares paramagnétiques pour les technologies quantiques. Matériaux. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEC001⟩. ⟨tel-02384178⟩

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