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L'influence de la reconnaissance sur la puissance d'agir : une approche biographique de personnes en situation de vulnérabilité

Abstract : This PhD thesis studies the mechanisms which play a role in the development of the empowerment of people in a vulnerable situation. To this end, we base our approach on previous works in sociology, philosophy, linguistics, and also on our professional experiences in the socio-educative area which allowed us to collect testimonies of social workers and their patients.The author thus proceeded to twelve conversational exchanges with people with disabilities or in situations of precariousness. These exchanges are transcribed into an annex, which constitutes the second volume of this thesis, while the first volume provides their analysis via biographical research tools (socianalysis stemming from institutional analysis, analysis via Walter R. Heinz's categories : an analysis framework adapted by Christine Delory-Momberger). What is more, our experience is summarized and analyzed here via a professional investigation narrative account. We also show how a « Third Place » (a group of exchanges of practices) was used in order to, to quote Edgar Morin, « unfold the complexity » of the biographical approach and of the issue of the researcher’s implication.The entanglements between empowerment and social recognition are here embodied, in this research, by each person we interviewed. On this occasion, we revisit in particular some thoughts by Blaise Pascal, Hegel, Hannah Arendt, and the works of Paul Ricoeur, Axel Honneth, and Emmanuel Renault. This theoretical approach is accompanied by two concrete interactions with the CPAM (the main institution of the French Health System) and a group home for people with disabilities : We illustrate how, via the junction of our university point of view and our sensibility as a social worker, we have been able to convince these two institutions to adapt their approach and their perspectives.
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Catherine Lehoux-Fleury. L'influence de la reconnaissance sur la puissance d'agir : une approche biographique de personnes en situation de vulnérabilité. Sociologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCD085⟩. ⟨tel-02383443⟩

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