Development of an Uncertainty Quantification methodology for Multi-Physics Best Estimate analysis and application to the Rod Ejection Accident in a Pressurized Water Reactor

Abstract : The computational advancements of the last decades lead to the development of numerical codes for simulating the reactor physics with increa-sing predictivity allowing the modeling of the beha-vior of a nuclear reactor under both normal and acci-dental conditions. An uncertainty analysis framework consistent with Best Estimate (BE) codes was develo-ped in order to take into account the different sources of uncertainties. This framework is called Best Esti-mate Plus Uncertainties (BEPU) and is currently a field of increasing research internationally. In this the-sis we study the multi-physics uncertainty quantifi-cation for Rod Ejection Accident (REA) in Pressuri-zed Water Reactors (PWR). The BE modeling avai-lable in CEA is used with a coupling of APOLLO3 (neutronics) and FLICA4 (thermal-hydraulics and fuel-thermal) in the framework of SALOME/CORPUS tool. In the first part of the thesis, we explore different statistical tools available in the scientific literature including: dimension reduction, global sensitivity analy-sis, surrogate modeling and design of experiments. We then use them in order to develop an uncer-tainty quantification methodology. In the second part of the thesis, we improve the BE modeling in terms of its uncertainty representation. A Best Effort coupling scheme for REA analysis is available at CEA. This in-cludes ALCYONE V1.4 code for a detailed modeling of fuel-thermomechanics behavior. However, the use of such modeling increases significantly the compu-tational cost for a REA transient rendering the uncer-tainty analysis prohibited. To this purpose, we deve-lop a methodology for calibrating a simplified analytic gap heat transfer model using decoupled ALCYONE V1.4 REA calculations. The calibrated model is finally used to improve the previous BE modeling. Both de-veloped methodologies are tested initially on a small scale core representative of a PWR and then applied on a large scale PWR core.
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Gregory Delipei. Development of an Uncertainty Quantification methodology for Multi-Physics Best Estimate analysis and application to the Rod Ejection Accident in a Pressurized Water Reactor. Methodology [stat.ME]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLX078⟩. ⟨tel-02381187⟩

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