L'âme avec le corps : la théorie épicurienne du vivant en dialogue avec Aristote

Abstract : My thesis aims at providing an explanation for the Epicurean theory of the living being by accounting for the relationship body and soul entertain in psycho-biological phenomena. In other words, the aim of this thesis is to investigate in which manner and to what extent both the body and the soul are involved in vital phenomena such as sleep, breathing, digestion etc. To this purpose, sections 1 and 2 will deal more closely with Epicurus’ psychological doctrine, while sections 3 and 4 will integrate the discussion with Epicurus’ account of (psycho-)biological phenomena. Accordingly, section 1 will provide a reconstruction of Epicurus’ psychological doctrine through an analysis of Epicurus’ own writings (Letter to Herodotus; Book XXV of the Peri Physeos), Epicurean testimonies (including Lucretius but also Demetrius Lacon and Diogenes of OEnoanda) and anti-Epicureans accounts (Cicero, Plutarch, etc.). Section 2 will offer a dialectical explanation for the development of Epicurus’ psychology (as reconstructed in section 1) in its relationship with the previous philosophical background, Democritus and Aristotle specifically. Section 3 will consider the physio-biological theory from book IV of the De rerum natura and will acknowledge the links this entertains with Epicurus’ psychological theory. In this context, Epicurean explanations of psycho-biological phenomena will be compared with those offered by the atomist, Peripatetic and medical milieu. Lastly, section 4 will offer a comparison between Epicurus’ psycho-biological theories and those of Asclepiad of Bithynia and will examine their respective application in the context of explaining diseases.
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Giulia Scalas. L'âme avec le corps : la théorie épicurienne du vivant en dialogue avec Aristote. Philosophie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIL3H004⟩. ⟨tel-02379014⟩

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