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Concevoir des bâtiments performants : prescriptions publiques, coordination, apprentissage

Abstract : In a context of sustainable development and energy transition, the French building sector represents a lever to carry out and achieve energy demand management ambitions. National and local rules regarding construction were progressively and substantially modified, and the building design process had to evolve to abide by these rules. Building design has been called into question by requirements aimed at energy performance.We question the readjustments implemented by building designers to follow these requirements. We show that local authorities mostly use operational urban planning to carry their energy requirements. Besides, after a learning period due to the implementation of a new definition of energy performance, the building sector has known stabilisation, characterized by the return of routines and the seek for shared conventions between the project owner and the project manager team. We study how an innovation (the global energy performance) developped and has been adopted by the socio-technical regime of construction.We mobilize the pragmatic sociology; particularly the French branch of sociological economy developed by L. Boltanski and L. Thévenot, and also researches on conventionalism, in order to study three estate operations. These operations belong to multi-unit housing, are of various sizes and are all characterized by a search of energy performance. They are located in different places: in the city of Strasbourg (Alsace) and in the area of Haute-Savoie.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2019 - 11:13:10 AM
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Hélène Haller. Concevoir des bâtiments performants : prescriptions publiques, coordination, apprentissage. Géographie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAH008⟩. ⟨tel-02378447⟩

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