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Compter les arbres. Une histoire des forêts méridionales à l'époque moderne

Abstract : 1661: during the establishment of the "Paper Monarchy" (i.e. administrative monarchy), when most judicial texts were rewritten and the Royal administration rationalized, Louis XIV and Colbert launched a general reformation of the forestland in the Kingdom. For more than two decades, commissioners were sent to each forestall district in order to reform them, thus providing a "snapshot" of the forestall life of the time. In the southern area of the Kingdom, the main actor of the reformation (1665-1673) was Louis de Froidour. Within a few years, he had travelled all around the great mastery of Toulouse and made over 1,000 forest maps and surveying reports. The religions and secular communities, nobles and landlords who owned plants or forestlands under a co-seigneury with the King, were forced to provide the reformation Court with the supporting documents of their claims. Once the reports were made, the files were archived, indexed and recopied to form a database. Thus marked and centralized, they stood as a domination tool the State used to act upon the Southern populations: it was the beginning of an age of a staked-out, mapped and known space. Studying the archives of the period allows the historicization of the tripartite relationship between the southern populations, the forestlands and public power. Far from matching the traditional image of a space devoid of any administration whatsoever, the archives studied revealed such structures were not new and offered an opportunity to understand how the management of the silva was reorganized.
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Contributor : Sébastien Poublanc <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 6:50:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:41:45 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-02376915, version 1



Sébastien Poublanc. Compter les arbres. Une histoire des forêts méridionales à l'époque moderne. Histoire. Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-02376915⟩