Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Naviguer en temps de Révolution : le Chevalier de L'Espine (1759-1826), de l’Indépendance américaine au service de l’Autriche. Un destin au prisme de l’archéologie et de l’histoire.

Abstract : At the very beginning of the 21st century, a team of archaeologists dived on the wreck of a small 18th century warship in the north of the current Dominican Republic. Its hull is of American manufacture, its guns are Scottish and the buttons of uniforms are French. After having followed some false leads, the research in the National Archives makes it possible to solve this enigma: it concerns the French corvette Dragon of Chevalier de L’Espine, destroyed in January 1783 after a short action against British vessels ensuring the northern blockade of Santo Domingo. This identification serves as a catalyst for a historical research of which Chevalier Joseph de L'Espine du Puy (1759-1826) constitutes the central character. The investigation reveals the fate of the Navy officer L'Espine upstream and downstream of his gallant action in January 1783. Young Knight of Malta and officer of the Navy of Louis XVI, L'Espine participated in the American Revolution, did a mandatory service in the Navy of Malta, and took part in French naval intelligence secret missions. The French Revolution ruined his hopes and forced him into exile. In Austria, he won the confidence of the high Austrian authorities by unambiguously engaging with the armies of France from 1795. L'Espine quickly became one of the brains of an Austrian Navy questioned at each treaty signed between France and Austria. Promoted to Feldmarschall-Leutnant in 1813, L'Espine decided not to return to France at the Restauration. Appointed Governor of Milan in November 1825, he died there on December 31, 1826.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [527 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02376640
Contributor : Florence Prudhomme <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 4:48:40 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 28, 2019 - 1:10:39 AM

File

Prudhomme_Florence_2019_These....
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02376640, version 1

Collections

Citation

Florence Prudhomme. Naviguer en temps de Révolution : le Chevalier de L'Espine (1759-1826), de l’Indépendance américaine au service de l’Autriche. Un destin au prisme de l’archéologie et de l’histoire.. Histoire. Sorbonne Universite, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02376640⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

968

Files downloads

217