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Theses

Estimation d'une matrice d'échelle.

Abstract : Numerous results on the estimation of a scale matrix in multivariate analysis are obtained under Gaussian assumption (condition under which it is the covariance matrix). However in such areas as Portfolio management in finance, this assumption is not well adapted. Thus, the family of elliptical symmetric distribution, which contains the Gaussian distribution, is an interesting alternative. In this thesis, we consider the problem of estimating the scale matrix _ of the additif model Yp_m = M + E, under theoretical decision point of view. Here, p is the number of variables, m is the number of observations, M is a matrix of unknown parameters with rank q < p and E is a random noise, whose distribution is elliptically symmetric with covariance matrix proportional to Im x Σ. It is more convenient to deal with the canonical forme of this model where Y is decomposed in two matrices, namely, Zq_p which summarizes the information contained in M, and Un_p, where n = m - q which summarizes the information sufficient to estimate Σ. As the natural estimators of the form ^Σ a = a S (where S = UT U and a is a positive constant) perform poorly when the dimension of variables p and the ratio p=n are large, we propose estimators of the form ^Σa;G = a(S + S S+G(Z; S)) where S+ is the Moore-Penrose inverse of S (which coincides with S-1 when S is invertible). We provide conditions on the correction matrix SS+G(Z; S) such that ^Σa;G improves over ^Σa under the quadratic loss L(Σ; ^Σ) = tr(^ΣΣ‾1 - Ip)² and under the data based loss LS (Σ; ^Σ) = tr(S+Σ(^ΣΣ‾1 - Ip)²).. We adopt a unified approach of the two cases where S is invertible and S is non-invertible. To this end, a new Stein-Haff type identity and calculus on eigenstructure for S are developed. Our theory is illustrated with the large class of orthogonally invariant estimators and with simulations.
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Mohamed Anis Haddouche. Estimation d'une matrice d'échelle.. Analyse numérique [math.NA]. Normandie Université; École nationale supérieure de statistique et d'économie appliquée (Alger), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR058⟩. ⟨tel-02376077⟩

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