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Theses

Décomposition des indices d'inégalité et impact des politiques publiques

Abstract : The different chapters in this thesis aim to present the methodology necessary to evaluate the impact of any equalizing public policies. The first chapter deals with the main tool used to appreciate an income distribution, that are the inequality indices. The second chapter details the different approaches possible to decompose an inequality index, whether to put forward group effects, income source effects and/or attribute effects. This state of the art is followed by three original studies. In that respect, the third chapter considers the income inequality in the French public administration, and it highlights the fact that the importance of gender to inequality is considerable but disparate across the different French administrative regions. The fourth chapter demonstrates theoretically that the importance of an attribute can be decomposed as a sum of its pure marginal contribution minus a sum of pairwise interactions with the others attributes considered. Finally, the fifth chapter exposes empirically the interactions effects on a public policy impact that aims to eliminate the gender wage gap.
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Kévin Fourrey. Décomposition des indices d'inégalité et impact des politiques publiques. Economies et finances. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMC019⟩. ⟨tel-02375678⟩

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