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Méthode de vortex améliorée pour la génération des conditions d'entrée pour la simulation numérique des grandes échelles et applications aux écoulements en canal plan et en couche limite sur plaque plane

Abstract : Large eddy simulation is becoming an important numerical tool in industry recently. Resolving large scale turbulent motions directly, LES is capable to compute the aeroacoustic noise generated by the airfoil or to precisely capture the corner separation in a linear compressor cascade. The main challenge to perform a LES calculation is to prescribe a realistic unsteady inflow field. For hybrid RANS/LES approaches, inflow conditions for downstream LES region must be generated from the upstream RANS solutions. There exist several methods to generate inflow conditions for LES. They can mainly be divided into two categories: 1) Precursor simulation; 2) Synthetic turbulence methods. Precursor simulation requires to run a separate calculation to generate a turbulent ow or a database to feed the main computation. This kind of methods can generate high quality turbulence. However, it requires heavy extra computing load. Synthetic turbulence methods consist in generating a fluctuating velocity field, and within a short “adaptation distance”, the field get fully developed. So main goal of synthetic turbulence methods is to decrease the required adaptation distance. The vortex method which is a synthetic turbulence method is presented and improved here. Parameters of the improved vortex method are optimized systematically with a series of calculations in this thesis. Applications on channel and flat-plate flows show that the improved vortex method is effective in generating the LES inflow conditions. The adaptation distance required for turbulence recovery is about 6 times the half channel height for channel flow, and 21 times the boundary-layer thickness (at the inlet of vortex) for at-plate ow. The velocity-derivative skewness is used to qualify the generated turbulence, and is introduced as a new criterion of LES calculation.
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Baolin Xie. Méthode de vortex améliorée pour la génération des conditions d'entrée pour la simulation numérique des grandes échelles et applications aux écoulements en canal plan et en couche limite sur plaque plane. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSEC058⟩. ⟨tel-02375569⟩

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