Mimer la chimie des hydrosilanes et hydroboranes par l’activation catalytique de dérivés silylés et borés de l’acide formique

Abstract : Global energy needs are mostly covered by the use of fossil fuels such as oil, coal or gas. The use of these fossil resources in the field of energy or the chemical industry causes a high accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere and causes climatic disturbances. In addition to posing a major ecological problem, these fossil resources are not renewable and will pose a problem of availability in the long term. To overcome these difficulties, one possible solution is to limit or even stop the use of fossil resources in favor of renewable carbon sources such as CO2 or biomass. These resources could be used as a source of chemicals and / or storage of intermittent energies. These uses require the conversion of oxygenates with C=O (such as CO2) and C–O (such as biomass) and require energy input into reduction reactions. Few reducers are compatible with this use which requires the use of compounds both renewable and having a redox potential adapted to the reduction of C–O bonds. These are essentially dihydrogen and formic acid. In this context, this doctoral work aims to define and meet the specifications of a renewable reducer. In the first place, the use of silyl formates is explored, through reactions mimicking the behavior of hydrosilanes. This strategy is used in dehydrogenating coupling reactions and for the reduction of ketones by transfer hydrosilylation. Finally, this concept is transposed to transfer hydroboration with the use of boryl mono formate compounds and a catalyst involving a participative ligand. The boryl and silyl formates thus appear as attractive renewable reducers, which combine a source of renewable hydride (formic acid) with an oxophilic element of the main group whose stereo-electronic properties are easily adjustable.
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Timothé Godou. Mimer la chimie des hydrosilanes et hydroboranes par l’activation catalytique de dérivés silylés et borés de l’acide formique. Catalyse. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS307⟩. ⟨tel-02374452⟩

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