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Traçabilité RFID à l’aide de petites antennes : application au cas des instruments chirurgicaux : étude et validation d’une solution prototype

Abstract : The ARTIC project, concerns the implementation an automatically system used to Tracking Surgical Instruments with Radio Frequency Identification in hospitals, more precisely particular in sterilization and operating room. The development of such solution needs to solve several problems. The control of the instruments must be rapid and adapted to the sterilization: autoclave sterilization (121-138 ° C, 1-2 bar). The specification must combine ergonomics, autoclave resistance and reliability, while being fast and generating low additional cost. Moreover, such a solution must allow multiple control (identification of several instruments at a time) in all possible spatial directions. The thesis on RFID tracking using small antennas aims to propose prototype solutions based on the magnetic coupling between reader and the tag loops. The purpose of the prototype optimization is to reach a communication distance up to 10 cm using a large reader loop antenna (the size of the sterilization trays: 50 cm length) and a miniature tag (few millimeters). Several prototypes are proposed and developed. (1) a prototype of the reader loop antenna including resonators, which allows to increase the magnetic coupling of the RFID system. This structure is simulated, realized and measured. In order to make a link between simulation and measurement, we developed calculations of the equivalent electrical model that allow to find the equivalent inductance of the N-loop reader antenna and also the equivalent mutual inductance of the system entire system. (2) Another solution is a multiple twisted loop reader antenna. It is based on the reorientation of the magnetic field lines. Its interest is to allow a detection of the tags whatever their angular positioning
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Megdouda Benamara. Traçabilité RFID à l’aide de petites antennes : application au cas des instruments chirurgicaux : étude et validation d’une solution prototype. Electronique. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1251⟩. ⟨tel-02373954⟩

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