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Santé psychologique au travail dans le milieu scolaire public : étude des déterminants organisationnels et psychologiques chez les enseignants marocains

Abstract : The present PhD dissertation relies on the Job Demands-Resources Theory (Bakker & Demerouti 2017). It aims to identify the determinants of well-being at work (WBW) and psychological distress at work (PDW) of Moroccan primary and secondary school teachers. Chapters 1 to 5 introduce the context, the conceptual and theoretical ideas, state the problem under investigation, and specify the main hypotheses. This thesis consists of two studies. The first study aimed to identify factors associated with WBW and PDW. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 60 teachers. It appears that the teaching profession in Morocco provides benefits (e.g., social support, work climate, perceived job utility), but also many demands (e.g., environment at work, workload, emotional demands, displacement difficulties). As such, Moroccan teachers seem to mobilize coping strategies to juggle job demands. The second study was conducted by administering a questionnaire to 1 107 teachers. Indeed, the results show that the more teachers perceive the demands of their profession as strong, the more they tend to experience a low level of WBW and a high level of PDW. In addition, the availability of job resources increases the WBW and reduces the PDW of these teachers. Similarly, it seems that teachers who mobilize personal resources (i.e., coping strategies) tend to report a higher level of WBW and a lower level of PDW. Otherwise, the interaction analyses indicate that high job demands combined with high job resources results in a low level of WBW. Finally, the results show that the effect of resources at work on WBW is mediated by coping strategies. The results obtained are in line with previous work and provide some enrichment to the Job Demands-Resources theory. At a practical level, this thesis contributes additional evidence that a range of interventions, including both personal as well as organizational interventions, may be successful at improving Moroccan teachers’ health and wellbeing.
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Soufian Azouaghe. Santé psychologique au travail dans le milieu scolaire public : étude des déterminants organisationnels et psychologiques chez les enseignants marocains. Psychologie. Université Grenoble Alpes; Université Mohammed V (Rabat), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAH007⟩. ⟨tel-02371977⟩

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