2D Image Processing Applied to 3D LiDAR Point Clouds

Abstract : The ever growing demand for reliable mapping data, especially in urban environments, has motivated the development of "close-range" Mobile Mapping Systems (MMS). These systems acquire high precision data, and in particular 3D LiDAR point clouds and optical images. The large amount of data, along with their diversity, make MMS data processing a very complex task. This thesis lies in the context of 2D image processing applied to 3D LiDAR point clouds acquired with MMS.First, we focus on the projection of the LiDAR point clouds onto 2D pixel grids to create images. Such projections are often sparse because some pixels do not carry any information. We use these projections for different applications such as high resolution orthoimage generation, RGB-D imaging and visibility estimation in point clouds.Moreover, we exploit the topology of LiDAR sensors in order to create low resolution images, named range-images. These images offer an efficient and canonical representation of the point cloud, while being directly accessible from the point cloud. We show how range-images can be used to simplify, and sometimes outperform, methods for multi-modal registration, segmentation, desocclusion and 3D detection.
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Pierre Biasutti. 2D Image Processing Applied to 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. Image Processing [eess.IV]. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0161⟩. ⟨tel-02369991⟩

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