Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Is there a relationship between what I think and what I imagine? : a processual approach focused on repetitive negative thinking and visual perspective in mental imagery

Abstract : Current research in clinical psychology is focused on the study of psychological processes implicated on the onset and maintenance of many psychological disorders. Two of these processes have been extensively explored: repetitive negative thinking (RNT), which is predominantly verbal, and the visual perspective adopted in mental images (i.e., actor vs. observer). Even if they represent two distinct phenomena, RNT and the observer perspective both seem to serve an avoidance function and be underpinned by a process of abstraction focused on the analysis of the “why” of events (i.e., the adoption of an abstract level of construal). These functional and processual similarities suggest a potential association between RNT and the observer perspective. However, few studies have examined this association. Therefore, this dissertation explored the association between RNT and the visual perspective in mental imagery as well as their underlying process (i.e., abstraction) and function (i.e., avoidance). Results of four correlational studies showed that RNT and the observer perspective were not associated. They also replicated results from previous studies on the role of avoidance and abstraction in RNT but not in visual perspective. Results from three experimental studies also showed that the induction of RNT at an abstract level had no effect on visual perspective or emotional reactivity, and more generally, that the induction of an abstract level of construal did not influence visual perspective, RNT, and emotional response during the anticipation or the post-event processing of an emotional task. Finally, a meta-analysis conducted on published studies as well as on our studies confirmed the absence of association between RNT and the observer perspective. Overall, it seems that RNT and the observer perspective adopted in mental imagery are not associated. These results are discussed in light of theoretical models and methodological implications.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [184 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02367896
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Monday, November 18, 2019 - 11:33:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:16:33 AM

File

DOUCE_2017_archivage.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02367896, version 1

Collections

Citation

Perrine Douce. Is there a relationship between what I think and what I imagine? : a processual approach focused on repetitive negative thinking and visual perspective in mental imagery. Psychology. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAH041⟩. ⟨tel-02367896⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

724

Files downloads

490