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Synthèse et étude de réseaux élastomères réticulés réversiblement

Abstract : This work focuses on the synthesis and characterization of reversibly crosslinked polyisoprene and polybutadiene and their potential recyclability. To this end, long chains of 1,4-cis polydienes have been degraded in a controlled manner in order to obtain telechelic polymers with low viscosity. In a second step, these low molar mass polydienes were chemically modified either along the backbone or at the chain-end of the polymer in order to obtain reactive functions. The thus obtained hydroxyl functions have been used as an anchor point for the grafting of furan functions. The addition of a bis-maleimide compound to the liquid polymer led to the formation of thermo-reversibly crosslinked elastomer thanks to the Diels-Alder reaction between the furan and the maleimide groups. The obtained materials have the behavior of a crosslinked elastomer, stable in a wide temperature range (-80 °C to + 130 °C). The mechanical properties of these elastomers (Young's modulus, strain / elongation at break, rubber modulus) can be easily modulated by modifying several parameters such as chain length, crosslinking density or crosslinking site along the chains. The recyclability of the materials was shown as no properties loss was observed even after 5 cycles of recycling. Finally, by changing the furan groups by ureidopyrimidinone groups (UPy), the reversibly crosslinked material obtained through hydrogen bonds possessed a totally different behavior with a particular supramolecular organization, induced by the assembly of the UPy groups.
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Pierre Berto. Synthèse et étude de réseaux élastomères réticulés réversiblement. Polymères. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0718⟩. ⟨tel-02367466⟩

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