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L'ΕΡS au défi de l'individuatiοn : recherches sur la cοntributiοn de la matrice de l'individuatiοn psychique et cοllective à la discipline scοlaire "Εducatiοn Ρhysique et Spοrtive"

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to create the conditions of an epistemological encounter between, on the one hand: the matrix of the psychic and collective individuation process, and on the other hand: physical education as a subject of learning and teaching. Gilbert Simondon first developed the philosophical theory of psychic and collective individuation process. Therefrom, Bernard Stiegler made it his own and rebuilt it while putting technics at its core. More precisely, for Stiegler, this theory rests on technics which is the main part of the process. Moreover, he shows that technics is, most of the time, excluded from epistemology. Throughout the concepts forged within this matrix, we can figure out the different patterns human societies went through. Moreover, understanding these patterns leads us to consider clearly their prospects and evolution. This work summarizes the main concepts seen as essential to define this matrix, while some of these concepts were given more attention. The organologic approach studies history and the prospects of body organs, technical tools, and social organizations. This approach brought to light the starting point for the topic concerning the contributions as well as the disputations within the past and present views of physical education (1880-2016). This process shows that the epistemic background mainly leads to consider the student action in terms of adjustment or in terms of mastering. We propose to turn this approach into a new one where the student will ease into new behavior using technics (such as physical ones or mnemonics) so that they can develop the motor attention. This view is based on the idea developed by Pierre Parlebas, seizing his work as well as the critical reviews of it. Therefore, we rely on the notion of forming symbolic motor behavior. This work also presents a theory attempting to report how the formation of these assets includes three major components: the performative component of the behavior, the relational component and the meta motor component. To test this theory, observations were made on a class of eighth graders practicing badminton. This case study points out two essential ideas: revealing the effects of an educational way of teaching based on the formation of a progressive and symbolic motor behavior (seen as "faire corps"), showing how two of the three components are specifically connected: the performative component and the meta motor component.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 15, 2019 - 5:59:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02366264, version 1

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Benjamin Delattre. L'ΕΡS au défi de l'individuatiοn : recherches sur la cοntributiοn de la matrice de l'individuatiοn psychique et cοllective à la discipline scοlaire "Εducatiοn Ρhysique et Spοrtive". Education. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMC011⟩. ⟨tel-02366264⟩

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