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Étude et analyse anthropologique de la politique environnementale au Gabon : le cas du parc national des Monts De Cristal

Abstract : This work focuses on the management policies of the Park National in Gabon, and particularly those of the Cristal Mounts. It tries to understand, from an anthropological point of view, the processes of sidelining of the autochtonous populations of the natural environment in which they stock up with natural resources. The main concept which guides this thesis is the one of the "feudal management". Environmental policies, the objective of which is the long-lasting preservation of the Gabonese ecosystems turn into "marginalizing" and produce "perverse effects". Among these, the change of the social status of people living in the periphery of the park of Cristal Mounts, passing from "native" to "poacher". The legislation in force relative to the environmental protection upsets and transforms the lifestyle of the autochtonous populations. In reaction to these politics and in the absence of compensatory social measures, these populations join processes of resistance, always doubling ingenuity, next to the "migrant populations ", to take the resources of the park and protect their mode life. It is thus in modalities of permanent conflicts that get organized reports between the institutional actor, the autochtonous populations and the migrant populations.
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Aimée Prisca Mekemeza Engo. Étude et analyse anthropologique de la politique environnementale au Gabon : le cas du parc national des Monts De Cristal. Sociologie. Université de Strasbourg, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014STRAG032⟩. ⟨tel-02364449⟩

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