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Etude numérique et modélisation du modèle d'Euler bitempérature : point de vue cinétique.

Abstract : In various domains of physics, several phenomena can be modeled via the use of nonconservative hyperbolic systems. In particular, in plasma physics, in the process of developping and understanding the phenomena leading to Inertial Confinement Fusion, the bi-temperature Euler sytem can be used to model particle transport phenomena in a plasma. The difficulty of the mathematical study of such systems dwells in the presence of so-called non-conservative products, which prevent the classical definition of weak solutions via distribution theory. To attempt to define these quantities, it is useful to supplement the hyperbolic system with an underlying kinetic model. In this work, the objective is the numerical study of such kinetic systems in order to solve the bi-temperature Euler system.This manuscript is split in two parts. The first one contains the study of the bi-temperature Euler system. In the first chapter, this system in dimension 1 is solved by the use of an underlying kinetic model sprung from plasma physics: the Vlasov-BGK-Ampère system. An asymptotic-preserving numerical method is introduced, and it is shown that the scheme obtained in the limit is consistant with a scheme for teh bi-temperature Euler system. In the following chapter, the same hyperbolic model in dimension 2 is studied, this time via a discrete-BGK type underlying model. An entropy inequality is proved for solutions coming from the kinetic model, as well as a discrete entropy dissipation inequality.In the second part of the manuscript, we are interested in the development of numerical schemes for gas mixture rarefied flows. Firstly, an adaptive kinetic scheme is introduced for inert gas mixtures. By the use of discrete conservation laws, the solution is approximated on a set of discrete velocities that depends on space, time and species. Secondly, an extension of the method is proposed in order to improve the efficiency of the first method. Finally, the two methods are compared to the classical fixed grid method on a series of test cases.In the last chapter, a numerical method is proposed for rarefied flows of reacting mixtures. The setting considered is the case of slow bimolecular reversible chemical reactions. The method introduced is an explicit-implicit treatment of the relaxation operator, which is shown to be stable, linear and conservative.
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Corentin Prigent. Etude numérique et modélisation du modèle d'Euler bitempérature : point de vue cinétique.. Modélisation et simulation. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0201⟩. ⟨tel-02363700⟩

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