Feuilletage isopériodique de l'espace de modules des surfaces de translation

Abstract : The strata of the moduli space of abelian di_erentials are endowed with a naturalholomorphic foliation, known as the isoperiodic foliation (or absolute period foliationor kernel foliation). It has been introduced 25 years ago by A. Eskin and M. Kontsevichand later by K. Calta and C. McMullen before it became a central object inTeichmuller dynamics. The general question addressed in this text is the following:How do the leaves of the isoperiodic foliation wander around in themoduli space ?McMullen proved the ergodicity of the foliation in the principal stratum (where thesingularities of the abelian di_erentials are all simple) in genus 2 and 3 using resultsfrom group actions on homogeneous space. Calsamiglia, Deroin & Francavigliageneralized this result in higher genera and obtained a Ratner-like classi_cation ofthe closed saturated subsets. Simultaneously, Hamenstadt gave an alternative proofof the ergodicity. Surprisingly enough, for the strata where at least one zero isnot simple, the only result available was due to Hooper and Weiss: the leaf of theArnoux-Yoccoz surface is dense in the stratum in which it belongs.The question of the dynamics of the isoperiodic foliation can be rephrased in the moregeneral context of a_ne manifolds. Avila, Eskin, M^oller proved that the codimensionof the leaves is even. The codimension 2 case, also known as rank 1, already displaysa rich and contrasted picture. We give a criterion for density of the leaves, and applyit to di_erent families of rank one a_ne manifolds. Among those, special attention isdedicated to the Prym eigenform loci. We prove that the leaves are either compactor dense, depending on the arithmeticity of the locus. In the non arithmetic case, weprove that the foliation is ergodic with respect to the a_ne measure. In turn, thisgives new examples of dense leaves in strata where at least one of the singularity isnot simple. The aforementioned results suggest a connection between the dynamicsof the isoperiodic foliation and the geometry of a_ne manifolds. This connection isanalyzed in genus 3 and results in a classi_cation of the proper non arithmetic a_nemanifolds in strata with 2 singularities.
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Florent Ygouf. Feuilletage isopériodique de l'espace de modules des surfaces de translation. Géométrie algorithmique [cs.CG]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAM025⟩. ⟨tel-02354592⟩

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