Démocratisation des Etats et garantie internationale des droits démocratiques : essai sur une contribution des organisations internationales

Abstract : If democracy refers to the political regime in which the state institutional apparatus reflects the will of the people, democratization would thus characterize any process leading to a more open and participatory authoritarian political system. But this democratization is not only the result of internal dynamics, it is also, and increasingly, the result of external actors, in particular international organizations.Since the end of the Cold War, convinced that democracy is the political system that offers the best guarantees of respect for human rights, international organizations, both universal and regional, with the United Nations in the lead, have resolutely invested themselves both from a normative and operational point of view in democracy promotion, sometimes to the point of questioning the well-established principle of State sovereignty. The promotion of democracy by international organizations is governed by a legal regime whose initial ambivalence has gradually given way to a certain coherence. This regime places individual and collective rights on States, the respect for which is monitored or even sanctioned by political and jurisdictional mechanisms, but whose effectiveness appears uncertain, thus recalling the complexity and sensitivity of the democratic question in international law.
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Daouda Ouedraogo. Démocratisation des Etats et garantie internationale des droits démocratiques : essai sur une contribution des organisations internationales. Droit. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0147⟩. ⟨tel-02353423⟩

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