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Experimental approaches in studying polyelectrolytes inside a porous matrix : the case of nanoporous alumina membranes

Abstract : The confinement of condensed matter in nanoporous medium can induce at the nanoscale drastic structural or dynamical changes that ultimately lead to original properties. Of a specific interest is the confinement of polyelectrolytes that are polymers carrying an electrical charge. In this project, self-ordered nanoporous alumina membranes (nPAAMs), whose structural parameters are tuned through the synthesis, have been chosen as a confining medium and experimental approaches have been proposed to study the confinement of a strong polyelectrolyte (PE), sodium polystyrene-sulfonate . An important part of this work has been devoted to the structural and surface charge characterization of nPAAMs. The nPAAM’s structure and composition are characterized by combining scanning electron microscopy and small angle neutron scattering (SANS). A detail strategy is proposed for measuring the nPAAMs under optimal conditions due to their anisotropic shape and high scattering power and information on their chemical composition. The membrane’s surface charge has been determined by streaming potential measurements. The pore’s wall charge can be adjusted to positive or negative charge and the extent of the electrostatic interactions can be tuned, tailoring the medium for electrostatic confinement studies. The permeation behavior and the adsorption of the polyelectrolyte inside the pores is studied by SANS combined with flow measurements. The kinetics of the adsorption is accessed by streaming potential and the possibility to use of neutron reflectivity for such studies is proposed. This work provides experimental approaches insight into the characterization of PE under confinement.
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Anastasia Christoulaki. Experimental approaches in studying polyelectrolytes inside a porous matrix : the case of nanoporous alumina membranes. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS197⟩. ⟨tel-02352376⟩

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