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Chirality in the ¹³⁶Nd and ¹³⁵Nd nuclei

Abstract : The exotic collective excitation mode called chirality has been investigated and long-lived isomers have been searched for in the ¹³⁶Nd and ¹³⁵Nd nuclei. Five pairs of nearly degenerate Δ I=1 bands with the same parity have been identified at high spins in ¹³⁶Nd. The observed bands were investigated by the constrained and tilted axis cranking covariant density functional theory and a new developed four single-j shells particle-rotor model. It was found that the properties of these doublet bands are in good agreement with results of the model calculations. Therefore, the multiple chiral doublets (MχD) phenomenon in the nucleus ¹³⁶Nd was confirmed. This was the first experimental evidence for the MχD bands in even-even nuclei. The five pairs of chiral doublet bands is the largest observed in a single nucleus until now. In addition, the level scheme of the ¹³⁶Nd has been extended significantly at low, medium, and very high spins. Possible configurations of all rotational bands have been assigned by using the cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky model. The band structure of ¹³⁶Nd was clarified and the various types of single-particle and collective excitations were well understood. A new pair of positive-parity chiral doublet bands has been identified in ¹³⁵Nd. The characteristics of the doublet bands support the chiral interpretation. Together with the previously reported negative-parity chiral doublet bands show the presence of MχD bands in ¹³⁵Nd. The observed doublet bands were compared with constrained covariant density functional theory and particle-rotor model calculations which nicely reproduce the experimental data, confirming the MχD phenomenon in this nucleus. The newly observed MχD bands in ¹³⁵Nd represent an important milestone in supporting the existence of MχD in nuclei. The search for long-lived isomeric states in ¹³⁵Nd and ¹³⁶Nd has also been performed. This did not lead to the identification of new isomers, but we could confirm the existence of the previously reported isomers in the nuclei ¹³⁸Nd, ¹³⁴Ce, ¹³⁶Pr, and ¹³⁷Pr in our data.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 10:24:15 AM
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Bingfeng Lv. Chirality in the ¹³⁶Nd and ¹³⁵Nd nuclei. Nuclear Experiment [nucl-ex]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS353⟩. ⟨tel-02347000⟩

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