Un modèle de liaisons fortes tridimensionnel pour les cuprates supraconducteurs monocouches à base de lanthane.

Abstract : In this thesis, we construct a minimal three-dimensional tight-binding model for single-layer La-based cuprate superconductors. It entails eight orbitals, two of them involving apical oxygen ions. Parameter optimization allows to almost perfectly reproduce the three-dimensional conduction band as obtained from DFT. We discuss how each parameter entering this multiband model influences it, and show that the peculiar form of its dispersion severely constraints the parameter values. We then evidence that standard perturbative derivation of an effective one-band model is poorly converging because of the comparatively small value of the charge transfer gap. Yet, this allows us to unravel the microscopical origin of the in-plane and out-of-plane hopping amplitudes. An alternative approach to the computation of the tight-binding parameters of the effective model is presented and worked out. It results that the agreement with DFT is preserved provided longer-ranged hopping amplitudes are retained. A comparison with existing models is performed, too. The Fermi surface, showing staggered pieces alternating in size and shape, is compared to experiment. The density of states is calculated as well. The model is further analyzed through a weak coupling study of magnetic instabilities. It is performed on large clusters and competition between several three-dimensional magnetic instabilities in the hole-doping region of experimental interest is found. We show that the tendency to form a three-dimensional incommensurate spin density wave is strongest in the vicinity of 1/8 doping.
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Raphaël Photopoulos. Un modèle de liaisons fortes tridimensionnel pour les cuprates supraconducteurs monocouches à base de lanthane.. Physique [physics]. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMC215⟩. ⟨tel-02346727v2⟩

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