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Contribution au développement de l'utilisation des fibres naturelles dans les composites structuraux. Étude du comportement d'un composite Lin/Epoxy lors d'un vieillissement hygrothermique

Abstract : In recent years there is renewed interest for bio-sourced composites, including those based on flax fibers, and especially in the field of transport, mobility and leisure. In fact, the lower energy cost and environmental impact of flax fiber give it an advantage over glass fiber, while competing with its specific mechanical properties. However, flax fibers based composites long-term behavior remains poorly known in damp environments and constitutes an obstacle to a wider use. This work aims to provide adapted parameters to produce a high-grade flax/epoxy composite and to contribute to improve the durability knowledge of these materials. First, the influence of many processing parameters [(i) conditioning of the reinforcements, (ii) curing temperature, (iii) curing pressure, (iv) cooling speed, (v) exit temperature, (vi) post curing temperature and (vii) post curing duration] on the composites’ mechanical properties have been studied in order to manufacture high-grade materials. Then a “realistic” ageing method has been developed to study the durability of this kind of composites when exposed to water. Thus cyclic hygrothermal ageing has been applied to composite, resin and fiber bundles in the laboratory. Then multi-scale analyzes based on physicochemical, microstructural and morphological characterizations of the flax/epoxy composites helped to better understand the mechanisms responsible for the longitudinal and transverse mechanical properties’ evolutions over time.
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Thomas Cadu. Contribution au développement de l'utilisation des fibres naturelles dans les composites structuraux. Étude du comportement d'un composite Lin/Epoxy lors d'un vieillissement hygrothermique. Construction durable. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCK055⟩. ⟨tel-02344731⟩

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