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D'Imet à Tell Farâoun : recherches sur la géographie, les cultes et l'histoire d'une localité de Basse-Égypte orientale

Abstract : The goal of this work is to collect the documentation concerning the ancient Imet, locality that was localized on Tell Faraun, in the eastern corner of Lower Egypt. The documentation is organized around two main corpora: on the one hand, the documents discovered on the site, presented according to a topographic approach and, on the other hand, the texts inscribed with the mention of the city or of its goddess and coming from the rest of Egypt. If the first corpus clearly indicates that occupation begun in the 18th dynasty, the second reveals that the town was evoked since the thinite times. The gap between sources denotes that Imet didn't always designate the same geographical reality: from a large region including the whole oriental Delta, Imet came to designate a more restricted area centred on Tell Faraun. Linked to the place-name since its origins, the local goddess has known a renewal of her nature on this occasion and set on the Tell Faraun itself. Developing the aspect of Wadjet, the divine figure of Lady of Imet has been completed by others deities during times, Min then Horus, until the establishment of a triad based on an osiriac model identified elsewhere in Egypt. The confrontation of sources permitted to put in evidence a history of the locality closely bound to the political developments of Egypt, as such as while the Theban reconquest or when the Ramessides decided to transfer their capital to the nearby Pi-Ramsès. Thus, in spite of the proximity of this last one or Tanis, Imet has been chosen to be the 19th sepat of Lower Egypt: it is definitely due to the high antiquity of the place and its goddess.
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Contributor : Vincent Razanajao <>
Submitted on : Saturday, November 2, 2019 - 2:25:11 PM
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Vincent Razanajao. D'Imet à Tell Farâoun : recherches sur la géographie, les cultes et l'histoire d'une localité de Basse-Égypte orientale. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Montpellier 3, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006MON30004⟩. ⟨tel-02343384⟩



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