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New enantioselective transformations induced by cyclodextrins : applications in the preparation of molecular building blocks of biological interest

Abstract : This work revolves around the synthesis of ennatiomerically pure cyclobutane derivatives of GABA, and their use in the preparation of hybrid γ/α-peptides that could adopt a well-defined three dimensional secondary structure. In this aim we developed two strategies. The first one employed native β-Cyclodextrin as a supramolecular chiral host to achieve enantiodifferentiating photochemical cyclizations. Attempting to perform an intramolecular [2+2] cyclization of N-allyl-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)acrylamide, we only obtained a δ-lactam resulting from a 6π electrocyclization, whereas the electrocyclization of 1,3-Dihydro‑2H‑azepin-2-one allowed access to a 45% enantiomerically enriched bicyclic γ-lactam precursor of (+)-cis-3,4CB-GABA. The second strategy was based on a racemic synthesis of N-Boc-cis-3,4CB-GABA followed by a separation of the two enantiomers using a semi-preparative HPLC fitted with a chiral column. This allowed access to optically pure (-) and (+)-cis-3,4CB-GABA, on a gram scale. Furthermore, the enantiomerically pure (-) and (+)-cis-3,4CB-GABA, were used to synthesize, and fully characterize two series [the (S,S/R) and the (R,R/R)] of short diasteriomeric hybrid γ/α-peptides composed of alternating cis-3,4CB-GABA and D-Alanine. Analysis of the conformational behavior of the dipeptides from both series by X-Ray diffraction on a single crystal, showed no intramolecular interactions but rather an array of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the dipeptide molecules. On the other hand, a series of 1D and 2D NMR experiments showed that the tetrapeptide of the (S,S/R)-series could attain a 12/10 helical structuration, whereas its diasteriomeric analog of the (R,R/R)-series, displayed evidence of an unprecedented 7/9 folding pattern in solution.
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Ali Taher Mansour. New enantioselective transformations induced by cyclodextrins : applications in the preparation of molecular building blocks of biological interest. Organic chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay; Université libanaise, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS186⟩. ⟨tel-02343180⟩

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