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Metallylene-sulfur compounds : synthesis, characterization and applications in coordination and catalysis

Abstract : This work concerns the synthesis of mixed germylene-sulfoxide ligands that were involved in coordination chemistry with several transition metals and finally applied in hydrogen transfer catalysis. In a second part, the synthesis of new metallylenes stabilized by a sulfonimidamide group was develop, which were applied in polymerization catalysis. The first chapter is centered on the state of the art of germylenes with their synthesis, their stabilization and finally their coordination chemistry and applications in catalysis. Sulfoxides will also be described for their potential as hemilabile ligands. The second chapter describes the synthesis of germylene-α-sulfoxide ligands as structurally tunable structures (cyclohexyl, tBu, tolyl..) and with different oxidation states of the sulfur atom (thioether, sulfoxide and sulfone). The coordination chemistry led to the formation of bis-germylene group IV complexes, bidentate-ruthenium and monodentate ruthenium complexes. The third chapter shows the extension of the methodology to the formation of germylene-β-sulfoxide ligands. The influence of the spacer between the two entities on the coordination chemistry was studied and shows the formation of bidentate group IV complexes. Coordination to ruthenium led to obtain a surprising bis-ruthenium complex characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. Finally, the novel architecture allowed to obtain two nickel (0) complexes, one of them including carbonyl ligands permitting a TEP comparison. The fourth chapter is centered on the synthesis of new ligands, analogue of amidinate substituents for metallylene stabilization with a central sulfur atom. The effect brought to the metallylene center by the sulfonimidamide was studied by DFT calculations. The last chapter concerns the application of several ruthenium complexes in hydrogen transfer reaction with various carbonyl compounds. The use of sulfonimidamide stannylenes was also investigated in polymerization catalysis of ε-caprolactone.
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Nicolas Lentz. Metallylene-sulfur compounds : synthesis, characterization and applications in coordination and catalysis. Coordination chemistry. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30274⟩. ⟨tel-02338816⟩

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