Adaptation du DGT et fiabilisation du POCIS pour le suivi des pesticides et résidus de médicaments dans les eaux de surfaces

Abstract : Passive samplers, such as POCIS (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler) or o-DGT (Diffusive Gradient in Thin films for organic compounds), allow to estimate surface water contamination by organic micropollutants. However, these devices are influenced by environmental conditions and quantification error can occur. A better knowledge of passive sampling data was therefore essential before the samplers’ application on headwater streams. An innovative sampler, using DGT technique, has been developed and tested on 4 ionic pesticides. The sampler is robust in a pH range from 3 to 8 and an ionic strength range from 0,01 to 1 mol.L-1, which allows to use it in the most of natural waters. Field deployments of POCIS alongside o-DGT in natural waters and in an artificial river made it possible to compare their performances. POCIS with lower limits of quantification was the most suitable sampler for monitoring organic compounds in headwater stream. A release of polyethylene glycol from membranes used in POCIS causing matrix effects was removed by two successive baths of 1h of a 50:50 mix of methanol:water followed by a rinsing bath of water. Quantification is achieved through sampling rates (Rs) estimated under revelant conditions. Rs of 44 pharmaceuticals were estimated in an artificial river. After these steps, POCIS was applied in two headwater streams for 1 and 3 years on Aixette and Auvézère, respectively. Grab samples were also collected and pollution peaks of pesticides were detected (> 2,3 g.L-1). These “semi-continuous” monitorings highlighted a pollution of headwater streams by pesticides and pharmaceuticals.
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Robin Guibal. Adaptation du DGT et fiabilisation du POCIS pour le suivi des pesticides et résidus de médicaments dans les eaux de surfaces. Ecologie, Environnement. Université de Limoges, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0107⟩. ⟨tel-02338415⟩

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