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Modélisation physique de la dynamique des écoulements à bulles par remontée d’échelle à partir de simulations fines

Abstract : The CEA aspires to create a numerical nuclear reactor which requires a great knowledge of two-phase flows. In order to improve our understanding of accidental scenarios, this thesis focuses on studying the complex dynamics of bubbly flows in order to model them. The main challenges of the thesis are to study and model the interfacial forces responsible for the migration of bubbles as well as to propose a model of turbulence in agreement with the current knowledge of the phenomena. In order to achieve these objectives, a statistical database is produced from numerical experiments (direct numerical simulations) of swarms and bubble channels. In this thesis, a new method for interfacial forces modeling is developed. It reveals a new force coined as laminar dispersion force. This force has an important role in bubble migration. It is then modeled and validated on five simulations of bubble channels.Concerning turbulence in bubbly flows, it is comprised of SPT (Single Phase Turbulence), WIT (Wake Induced Turbulence) and WIF (Wake Induced Fluctuations) which characterize distinct phenomena. The SPT is the turbulence produced by the averaged shear, the WIT represent the temporal and turbulent fluctuations due to destabilizations and collective instabilities of wakes, and the WIF reflect the spatial fluctuations generated by the averaged wake and the potential flow around the bubbles. In this thesis, we propose a tensorial three-equations modeling of turbulence, where each contribution has its own closure. The tensorial three-equation model is complete and can be assessed as of now in an averaged calculation code.
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Antoine Du Cluzeau. Modélisation physique de la dynamique des écoulements à bulles par remontée d’échelle à partir de simulations fines. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université de Perpignan, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PERP0012⟩. ⟨tel-02336611⟩

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