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MasterPATH : l'analyse de réseau des données expérimentales de la génomique fonctionnelle

Abstract : In this work we developed a new exploratory network analysis method, that works on an integrated network (the network consists of protein-protein, transcriptional, miRNA-mRNA, metabolic interactions) and aims at uncovering potential members of molecular pathways important for a given phenotype using hit list dataset from “omics” experiments. The method extracts subnetwork built from the shortest paths of 4 different types (with only protein-protein interactions, with at least one transcription interaction, with at least one miRNA-mRNA interaction, with at least one metabolic interaction) between hit genes and so called “final implementers” – biological components that are involved in molecular events responsible for final phenotypical realization (if known) or between hit genes (if “final implementers” are not known). The method calculates centrality score for each node and each path in the subnetwork as a number of the shortest paths found in the previous step that pass through the node and the path. Then, the statistical significance of each centrality score is assessed by comparing it with centrality scores in subnetworks built from the shortest paths for randomly sampled hit lists. It is hypothesized that the nodes and the paths with statistically significant centrality score can be considered as putative members of molecular pathways leading to the studied phenotype. In case experimental scores and p-values are available for a large number of nodes in the network, the method can also calculate paths’ experiment-based scores (as an average of the experimental scores of the nodes in the path) and experiment-based p-values (by aggregating p-values of the nodes in the path using Fisher’s combined probability test and permutation approach). The method is illustrated by analyzing the results of miRNA loss-of-function screening and transcriptomic profiling of terminal muscle differentiation and of ‘druggable’ loss-of-function screening of the DNA repair process. The Java source code is available on GitHub page https://github.com/daggoo/masterPATH
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Natalia Rubanova. MasterPATH : l'analyse de réseau des données expérimentales de la génomique fonctionnelle. Molecular biology. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC109⟩. ⟨tel-02335463⟩

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