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Vers une approche intégrée de la synthèse et de la mise en forme d'oxydes métalliques par extrusion réactive

Abstract : A new one pot method for the synthesis and shaping of nanostructured metal oxides, based on the coupling of sol-gel chemistry and reactive extrusion process, was developed. To our knowledge, no literature is to be found about this topic so this work is situated at the frontier of such chemical systems’s knowledge. First, we worked on the synthesis and shaping of amorphous aluminosilicates with hierarchical porosity (micro/meso/macroporous) and zeolitic feature. Extrudates were obtained, those solids show fine textural properties (specific surface area above 800 m2/g, porous volume above above 0.6 cm3/g). Furthermore, they demonstrate increased acidity properties compared to standard amorphous aluminosilicates. Their catalytic activities were appraised by m-xylene isomerization and methanol dehydration and were found to be actually better than a catalyst with zeolite Y (for an activity calculed at iso-weight). Then we worked on the synthesis and shaping of boehmite (γ-AlOOH). First, we tryed to adapt an aluminium salts based co-precipitation reaction to our process. Afterward, we change the chemical reaction to aluminium alkoxides hydrolysis/condensation (without solvent). This later reaction was especially interesting, both in the validation of the reactive extrusion process (process intensification, thermal integration) as well as in the products textural properties.
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Pierre-Igor Dassié. Vers une approche intégrée de la synthèse et de la mise en forme d'oxydes métalliques par extrusion réactive. Matériaux. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS131⟩. ⟨tel-02335406⟩

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