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La femme mal accueillie et sa pulsion de mort : le rapport du contexte socio-culturel et religieux avec la psychopatologie de la femme au Maroc

Abstract : « The unwelcomed woman and her death instincts» is a title that questions beforehand a place that is both external and internal, then the correlation of the two spaces. Questioning how the individual psychic interior finds itself caught up in a negotiation for survival, with an external context and environment, only mirror of the collective unconscious. Referring, by this formulation of the title, to the work of S. Ferenczi, the main problematic will be that of thinking the reverberations between the environment and the infantile, between the singular unconscious and that of the social. Putting to the test such questions of the gender and the universalism of the unconscious will be the heuristic compass that will guide the analytical listening of the suffering women’s voices, from which emerge the contemporary resonances of the Moroccan cultural heritage; a country that stands out for its historical, cultural and linguistic diversity. The overflight of the Moroccan land allows a retrospective return on the periods, both califal and colonial, as much as it guides the psychoanalytic thought on what would be expressed, to this day, in the individual speech through the transferential link. Moroccan women will be granted this ability to speak. Their voices will be carried out by this research in order to detect, in the signifying chain, the unconscious bases of their family novels intricated in the cultural language. Singular stories, women of different social backgrounds and distinct ages, decipher the socio-cultural and religious rebus transporting their personal stories, and the psychic suffering ensuing. The intersectionality that emerges from the clinical observations - illiteracy, the increased poverty line, social favoritism or the multiplicity of indigenous languages - converges to a central crossroads where survival attempts take a single path, a single language, that of fantasy. If psychoanalysis extends universally by the expression of the unconscious, the latter negotiates intelligently in a ubiquitous mode, from one place to another, from one culture to another, specifically when this culture is rooted in an archaic Arab-Muslim past, which through its instrumentalized interpretation, awakens every day the irrepresentable threat of the feminine and the sexual, and revives what is traumatic. Of these facts, the psycho-affective evolution of several women encountered is distinguished in a disturbing strangeness and re-questions the maternal connection, the relationship with the father, as many fantasy exchanges that would put in danger a mental maturity denounced in session by the refusal of the feminine, by the death drive, the masochism or the infantile sexual regressions like the "envy of the penis". So many defensive resistances that will sharpen the psychoanalytic listening whose practice itself, in Morocco, will be reworked, re-explored depending on an articulation between the psyche and the social.
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Kenza Naji. La femme mal accueillie et sa pulsion de mort : le rapport du contexte socio-culturel et religieux avec la psychopatologie de la femme au Maroc. Psychologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité; Université Mohammed V-Agdal (Rabat, Maroc), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC156⟩. ⟨tel-02333425⟩



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