Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Modélisation et analyses physiopathologiques de la Sclérose Latérale Amyotrophique liée à l'ubiquiline 2 à l'aide de vecteurs AAV10

Abstract : Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive loss of motor neurons (MNs). Recently, mutations in the UBQLN2 gene, encoding ubiquilin 2, have been identified in hereditary forms of ALS and ALS with FrontoTemporal Dementia (ALS-FTD). These mutations induce the formation of ubiquilin-2-positive aggregates in the spinal cord of patients with ALS and in the brain of patients with ALS-FTD, as well as in other familial forms and in sporadic forms of ALS and ALS-FTD. The role of ubiquilin 2 seems to be crucial in the pathogenesis of the different types of ALS, due to its involvement in proteostasis. To understand the physiopathology of the disease and to envision therapeutic strategies, we have generated an ubiquilin 2-linked ALS and ALS-FTD mouse model which recapitulated disease associated phenotypes, after intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Adeno Associated Virus serotype rh10 (AAV10) vectors, containing the cDNA encoding mutated ubiquilin 2. Furthermore, mass spectrometry analysis revealed a loss of interaction between the mutant protein and one protein necessary for cytoskeleton maintenance of neurons, the α-spectrin. Finally, we have observed that Methylene Blue increased the number of inclusions in mice expressing the mutant ubiquilin 2. In conclusion, this study presents a solid paradigm to study the involvement of ubiquilin 2 in ALS and can be used for the development of effective therapeutic strategies.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [418 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02332677
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Friday, October 25, 2019 - 1:01:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 4:02:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, January 26, 2020 - 1:18:08 PM

File

2017PA066223.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02332677, version 1

Citation

Corinne Bos. Modélisation et analyses physiopathologiques de la Sclérose Latérale Amyotrophique liée à l'ubiquiline 2 à l'aide de vecteurs AAV10. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066223⟩. ⟨tel-02332677⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

237

Files downloads

482