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Modélisation de la production des énoncés averbaux ˸ le cas des compléments différés

Abstract : The postponed complement is a prosodically or graphically independant unit which is syntactically dependent on a previous utterance, called support utterance. In this thesis, we aim to develop a modeling of the production of postponed complements. For this purpose, we conduct a study of the syntactic features of 893 postponed complements from written and oral corpora. We note the presence of non-verbal elements (nouns, prepositions, etc.) among the syntactic governors of postponed complements. This contradicts earlier notions, such as Bally's epexegesis (1944:§75), which only conceived these units under the governance of a verb. In addition, we highlight the different uses that speakers make of the postponed complement during an interaction, and we thus demonstrate its versatility and interest as a tool available to the speakers. A postponed complement can be used by the speaker to add new information, but also to specify, modify or correct the information provided by the support statement and to question or answer the interlocutor. Its prosodic or graphic autonomy and syntactic dependence on the support utterance also play a role in its reception and interpretation, and we show that producing a postponed complement is strictly equivalent neither to producing a non-postponed complement nor to producing a syntactically autonomous unit. Finally, we propose a model of the production of postponed complements, illustrating its connection to the support statement as well as the speaker's involvement towards the information provided.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 3:58:33 PM
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Marie-Amélie Botalla. Modélisation de la production des énoncés averbaux ˸ le cas des compléments différés. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019USPCA040⟩. ⟨tel-02329558⟩

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