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Interprétation unifiée des écoulements associés à des cycles de condensation et d’évaporation dans les boucles coronales

Abstract : The outermost layer of the solar atmosphere, the corona, is composed of plasma which is hotter than the surface by several orders of magnitude.One of the main challenges in solar physics is to explain how the corona is formed and heated to temperatures of a few million degrees.In this context, I focus on the heating of coronal loops (which are structures composed of plasma confined in magnetic field tubes), and more precisely on thermal non-equilibrium (TNE) cycles.Studying these cycles allows us to characterize the heating of coronal loops.These cycles occur in loops with a highly stratified heating, localized near their footpoints.Among other effects, they cause periodic variations of the temperature and density of the plasma in the loop.These variations result in long-period intensity pulsations, which have recently been detected in the extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) emission of some coronal loops.In addition, periodic flows of plasma at coronal temperatures occur during these cycles.In some cases, the flowing plasma can cool down by several orders of magnitude, and thus form periodic coronal rain.During my thesis, I worked on the first detection of these periodic plasma flows at coronal and lower temperatures.Using time series of spatially-resolved EUV spectra from the instrument Hinode/EIS, I measured the Doppler velocity of plasma in loops undergoing long-period intensity pulsations.This allowed me to detect flows of plasma at coronal temperatures associated with some maxima of the intensity pulsations.In addition, I took part in the detection of an event of periodic coronal rain (at cooler temperatures), using series of images from the instrument SDO/AIA.These detections confirm that the long-period intensity pulsations detected in coronal loops are indeed the result of TNE cycles, and allow better constrain the heating of the loops.From this, conclude that the heating of coronal loops is highly stratified, localized near their footpoints, with a repetition time shorter than the cooling time of the plasma.Detecting the flows of plasma at coronal temperatures required that I correct many EIS instrumental effects.To that aim, I developed a new method for coalinging EIS spectra with images from AIA.This method can correct the roll angle and the jitter (a random variation of the pointing) of EIS.By applying it to a large number of spectra, I carried out a comprehensive determination of the EIS roll angle.I also performed numerical simulations of the periodic coronal rain event.In these simulations, I computed the evolution of the plasma in the loop for different values of the heating parameters, as well as several magnetic field geometries.This allowed me to determine the heating parameters which are required to reproduce the observed behavior of this loop.By analyzing these simulations, I was also able to understand how the asymmetry of the loop and of the heating determine the minimum temperature of the plasma flows which form during thermal non-equilibrium cycles.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02328612
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 11:39:49 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 3, 2020 - 6:31:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02328612, version 1

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Gabriel Pelouze. Interprétation unifiée des écoulements associés à des cycles de condensation et d’évaporation dans les boucles coronales. Astrophysique stellaire et solaire [astro-ph.SR]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS247⟩. ⟨tel-02328612⟩

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