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Technique et nature cultivée : entre symbolisme et pratiques agraires : approche anthropo-sociologique des épouvantails dans les champs : études en nord Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Abstract : Today's farmers are « ultra-modern » gear and machine users. But in their fields, which are at the heart of what makes the economic strength of France (the second biggest cereal exporter in the world), they still use traditional scarecrows. This is the study of what seemed like a set of paradoxes in terms of appearance and symbolism. Purposefully distancing itself from the usual explanations about the agricultural social, and basing itself on a body of previous anthropological works, this study is about practices, their social origins and their consequences. The result is a set of analysis and findings allowing a reinterpretation of agricultural realities. Looking at it this way, the french agriculture appears flourishing, ingenious, inventive, reactive and adaptable. Which is rarely said about it. But it also seems to manage it at the cost of an ancient and powerful social mechanics: the disqualification and the elimination of what maid the ancestral peasantry. Thus we end up encountering what seems like a systemic cause of the “suicides” of struggling farmers. Indeed, one of the specificities of their activity is that by shutting down, they make available agricultural lands that others need to thrive.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 22, 2019 - 4:14:31 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02326920, version 1

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Marthe Magrou. Technique et nature cultivée : entre symbolisme et pratiques agraires : approche anthropo-sociologique des épouvantails dans les champs : études en nord Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Sociologie. Université Rennes 2, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019REN20022⟩. ⟨tel-02326920⟩

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