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Contribution à l’étude des soutènements compressibles pour les ouvrages souterrains : Validation du modèle rhéologique SC2D pour l’argilite du COx et construction d’un modèle rhéologique Coqcéram pour le matériau compressible

Abstract : The studies presented in this manuscript are part of Andra's CIGEO project concerning the construction and development of a new tunnel support for the gallery of the radioactive waste repository. The structure is located at a depth of approximately 500m at the site Meuse/Haute-Marne at Bure. The first part of this work concerns the establishment of a rheological model of Callovo-Oxfordian claystone named SC2D (Swelling Creep Diagenesis Damage). Traditionally, the calibration of rheological models for clay materials is based on laboratory tests from core samples. These samples are dàmaged by the hydromechanical discharge during sampling. This damage cannot be repaired by reconsolidation under in situ stress. This damage durably allers the hydromechanical characteristics of the claystone and generate new elasto-plastic mechanisms that do not exist on in situ claystone. The originality of the work in this first phase concerns the validation of the SC2D model of Callovo-Oxfordian healthy claystone from the simulation of the laboratory tests on core samples taking into account the whole loading history since the sampling until rupture. Then, the SC2D model "integrated" in the CLEO code is applied to the numerical simulations of the tunnel excavations of the Bure underground laboratory. The second part of the thesis concerns the participation in the qualification and the implementation of Andra (patent Andra and CMC) of a new compressible support allowing to absorb the anisotropie convergences of the tunnels excavated in the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone. This is a new support by segmental ring. Each segment is a sandwich comprising: • The reinforced concrete stiff lining. •The compressible material surmounting the stiff lining.•The protective shell to allow its transport and handling.The manufacture of compressible segments requires the addition of slurry (cernent doped with sand) for the holding of this compressible layer. This compressible support had to meet mechanical requirements defined by Andra. The tests presented in this thesis concern the analysis of consolidation tests carried out at EGC concerning the mechanical characterization at the level of the compressible layer. Different variables were studied, as well as tests of uniform loading on mode! reduced of the segmental ring. These tests will be presented and commented. A rheological model is established for the compressible material based on the Ganta Gravel model named Coqceram. The mechanical parameters of the Coqceram model are obtained from consolidation tests. The validation of the Coqceram model is carried out by comparing numerical simulations with model tests of a segmental ring. This numerical modeling required the "integration" of the Coqceram rheological model into the CLEO finite element code. After this validation, the modeling has been applied to two types of real size segmental rings set up in the Meuse/Haute-Marne underground laboratory. The first modeling focused on a classic segmental ring without compressible material set up immediately alter excavation. This modeling shows a very anisotropic ring stress distribution associated with a continual increase of the stresses. On the other hand, the modeling carried out with compressible segments shows a stress distribution much lower than the classic segment, especially more uniform.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02325799, version 1

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Bui Quoc Huy Ly. Contribution à l’étude des soutènements compressibles pour les ouvrages souterrains : Validation du modèle rhéologique SC2D pour l’argilite du COx et construction d’un modèle rhéologique Coqcéram pour le matériau compressible. Génie civil. INSA de Rennes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ISAR0036⟩. ⟨tel-02325799⟩

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